Direction of the
Fatal Shot and the Jet Effect
by Stewart Galanor
The following evidence
indicates the President was shot from the grassy knoll and the
Warren Commission covered it up:
The Conservation of Momentum tells us that the President was
propelled back and to the left by a bullet striking him in the
head fired from the right front.
Warren Commission did not disclose that the fatal shot propelled
President Kennedy backward to the left rear of the limousine.
Instead, the Commission reported that when struck in the head,
"The President fell to the left into Mrs. Kennedly's lap."
The Warren Commission had a scientist Larry Sturdivan at the
Aberdeen Proving Grounds shoot ten skulls with the Mannlicher-Carcano.
All ten skulls moved away from the rifle and moved in the direction
of the bullet. The results of this test were suppressed and were
not revealed until fifteen years later during the HSCA investigation.
The Zapruder film was not shown on television until 12 years
after the assassination.
The Warren Commission ignored at least seven witnesses who claimed
they saw a puff of smoke on the grassy knoll during the assassination.
Dr. Luis Alvarez's
Proponents of the lone assassin theory claim a jet effect, a
forward jet stream of blood and brain matter, caused the President
to be propelled backward. An experiment by Noble Prize winner
Dr. Luis Alvarez shows that a melon shot by a high-velocity frangible
bullet produces a retrorecoil that sends the melon flying back
towards the shooter.
(See frames from the Alvarez experiment at http://jfklancer.com/galanor/jet_effect.html)
Three characteristics of a jet effect
seen in Alvarez's experiment are:
1. Duration of a jet stream: In Dr. Alvarez's experiment
the stream of melon matter is seen over six frames.
2. Dimensions of a jet stream: The stream can attain a
height 6 times the diameter of the melon and a length 15 times
the melon's diameter.
3. Direction of a jet stream: Stream moves predominantly
in one direction. If the inner matter of the melon had moved
in several directions, their forces would act to canceled each
other out. If half of the stream had moved forward and half backward,
for example, then the forces ofthe two streams would have cancelled
each other out and the melon would not have moved. Now to the
No jet stream is seen in the Zapruder film that even remotely
resembles the stream in Alvarez's experiment.
No stream is seen to exist over five frames or even over two.
2. Dimensions: No jet stream is seen attaining anywhere
near a height of 6 times the melon's diameter or a length of
15 times the melon's diameter.
3. Direction: Blood and brain matter went in all directions:
left front over Mrs. Kennedy and the Connallyís; right
rear over motorcycle officer James Chaney; left rear over Bobby
Hargis and B. J. Martin. (Hargis was struck so hard that he said,
"I thought at first I had been hit.")
4. Hargis and Martin: If we assume a jet stream of brain matter
propelled the President to the left rear of the limousine, then
that stream must have traveled to the right front of the limousine.
(Newton's third law of motion) But Bobby Hargis and B. J. Martin,
riding to the left rear, were splattered with blood and brain
matter. (Hargis and Martin at the left rear, jet stream at the
opposite side of the limousine moving to the right front.) The
jet effect does not account for Hargis and Martin being splattered
with blood and brain matter.
5. Other Experiments: In separate experiments performed by Dr. Doug
DeSalles and physicist Art Snyder, the jet effect did not occur
on melons shot with Mannlicher-Carcano bullets.
6. Firing Squad: People executed by a firing squad are placed
between the firing squad and the grave, not beyond the grave.
What must have propelled the President
backward was the force imparted by a high-velocity bullet shot
from the right front.
What follows are responses
to other challenges, made over the years, to the relevance and
credibility of this evidence indicating a shot from the grassy
An acceleration of the Presidential limousine caused the President
to be thrown backward.
The force of acceleration does not play favorites. If Kennedy
was propelled backward by the sudden acceleration of the limousine,
then Mrs. Kennedy and the Connally's would have reacted the same
way. The Zapruder film does not show that the limousine accelerated
at the time of the fatal shot.
President went Limp
The President went limp and the limousine continued forward giving
the impression that he was propelled backward.
If you throw a ball up in the air in a moving car it will not
fly back into your face. You are protected by the law of inertia
discovered by Galileo around 1600: Unless an object is acted
upon by a force, it will continue to move in a straight line
with constant velocity.
The wind pushed the President backward.
If a ball is thrown above the windshield of a convertible moving
at 50 miles per hour, wind resistance (a force acting on the
ball) will force the ball to slow down (decrease its velocity)
and will appear to be propelled backward relative to the car.
(Relative to the ground the ball continues to move forward.)
However, at 11 miles per hour wind resistance is negligible and
the ball will not fly backward over the car's trunk. You don't
need a convertible to confirm these facts. Just run at 11 mph
and throw a ball up in the air, it will keep moving with you.
Try it. Practically any one can do this experiment: running at
11 mph is equivalent to running 100 yards in approximately 20
seconds. You can skip 100 yards in 20 seconds.
Read samples from
"Cover-Up" by Stewart Galanor.
by Stewart Galanor
This book presents the evidence that there was a conspiracy to
assassinate President Kennedy and documents the disturbing measures
taken by our government and major news media to cover it up. Virtually
all of this evidence was gathered by the Dallas Police and agencies
of the United States Government and is published in the Warren Commission's 26
Volumes of Testimony and Exhibits or stored in the National Archives.