|Did the Limousine driver shoot
For years people have been fooled by low resolution,
inferior copies of the Zapruder film -- finding reflections or shadows
that are much more clear in the better copies available of this historic
Check the following clips and photos to see what actually happens:
1. One theory that keeps coming up
is that Secret Service Agent William Greer, the limousine driver,
actually shot President Kennedy with a handgun. Proponents of this
theory claim to show he reaches back with his right hand and simply
shoots JFK in the head. Look closely and you will note that what
seems to be a light colored gun is actually the sun reflection of
Agent Kellerman's hair.
Low Resolution Sequence of Zapruder
2. Another theory claims Greer held
a weapon in his left hand, and may have been a backup shooter. While
Greer's left hand may have left the steering wheel, there is no weapon
exposed. Greer, in his turn to look into the back seat of the limo,
is not pointing any weapon, nor can it be said that he is holding
a weapon with either hand.
Both of Greer's hands are on the steering wheel as the limo was on
Elm Street minutes before the shooting.
Did Greer make mistakes in Dealey Plaza?
Yes. He faltered and panicked, slowed the limo to look into the back
seat, and didn't step on the gas until Roy Kellerman shouted for him
to do so. Greer is a sad figure in this tragedy. He made mistakes that
any untrained layperson would make, but he was no murderer, he held
no weapon, and there is no evidence that he played any part in the
Background on Greer
As noted in his Warren Commission testimony, Bill Greer
was not a highly trained, highly educated agent. With a 10th grade
education, he was a chauffeur by trade, and after joining the Secret
Service, was assigned as a uniformed officer, walking a beat at the
Bureau of Engraving and Printing. When later assigned to the White
House, he ran errands for the White House kitchen, and became Mrs Eisenhower's
primary driver. He became JFK's driver after the 1960 election through
simple seniority. Note how Greer says in his testimony "I was
the senior agent assigned to him, to drive him". In other words,
he was not assigned a protection responsibility, he was simply a driver.
How long have you been with the Secret Service Department?
Mr. GREER. I have been with the Secret Service Department since October 1,
Mr. SPECTER. What is your educational background?
Mr. GREER. I have just education in public schools in Ireland, really.
Mr. SPECTER. And--
Mr. GREER. I took courses here in this country.
Mr. SPECTER. Are you a high school graduate, then?
Mr. GREER. Well, I have 2 years of high school.
Mr. SPECTER. And when did you complete this educational background?
Mr. GREER. I have to go back now.
Mr. SPECTER. Approximately.
Mr. GREER. About 1924 or 1925.
Mr. SPECTER. Would you outline in a general way what your activities have
been since that time, up until your joining the Secret Service, please?
Mr. GREER. Yes, sir. I was born and raised on farmwork, a farmer. And I done
that until I came to this country in February 1930. I worked for a period
of time--I lived in Boston for a little while. I worked one summer on the
estate of Henry Cabot Lodge. I was a chauffeur for a family in Brookline,
Mass., for about a year. And then I went to New York, Dobbs Ferry, N.Y. I
lived there for 13 years as a chauffeur for a private family in Dobbs Ferry,
N.Y. Then I went in the Navy in November 1942. I got discharged on September
Mr. SPECTER. What were your principal duties while in the Navy?
Mr. GREER. I was seaman first class. I did almost 2 years at Bainbridge,
Md., with the seaman guard there. And then I was assigned to the presidential
yacht in May 1944, until I was discharged in September. But most of my duty
was at the White House in that period, that year.
Mr. SPECTER. And how long after discharge from the Navy was it before you
joined the U.S. Secret Service?
Mr. GREER. Well, I got out of the Navy September 18 and October 1 I went
with the Secret Service--a matter of 14 or 15 days.
Mr. SPECTER. Describe your duties since joining the Secret Service, please.
Mr. GREER. Since joining the Secret Service I was assigned to the uniform
force at first with the Secret Service at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.
For about 2 years I was with the physical education part of it. We had a
gymnasium there. I was an instructor there part-time part of the time. And
then I was assigned for about 2 years to pick up the food of the President
at the White House. I had that duty for about 2 years. And then I went back
to the Treasury for a short period, a few months. And then I was reassigned
to the White House as an agent in November--1950 I went there. I was made
a full agent that following August 1951. I was there as a special officer
from November to August 1951.
Mr. SPECTER. And have you been assigned to the White House staff since that
Mr. GREER. Yes, sir; I have been there ever since.
Mr. SPECTER. And while assigned at the White House staff, how much of your
duty has involved driving the President's car?
Mr. GREER. Well, I drove the followup car for quite a long time you know,
off and on. And then I drove the President at intervals during President
Truman's and President Eisenhower's terms. I was also assigned a great many
times to Mrs. Eisenhower. When she left Washington, I was always assigned
to her, to travel with her. And I have been assigned to the President, to
drive the President, since election day, with President Kennedy. I was the
senior agent assigned to him, to drive him.
Links to more testimony
Researcher Anthony Frank writes:
Photographs of the Presidential limousine
show that Greer would have had to reach over the seat to get a shot
at the President, which he obviously did not do. These photographs
also show the proximity of the jump seats in which Governor Connally
and Mrs. Connally rode, with Greer seated directly in front of Mrs.
Commission Exhibit 673
Commission Exhibit 873
The right rear of President
Kennedy's head was blown off (WARNING GRAPHIC PHOTOS) by the
shot that struck him in the temple. A handgun capable of that would
most certainly be heard by Mrs. Connally. The idea that a handgun
fired from inside the limousine caused the massive wound at the rear
of President Kennedy's head, as opposed to a rifle shot blowing off
the back of his head, is one of the most absurd theories to have
been put forth. Theories like these do a disservice to the research
Researcher Bill Miller sees that Agent
Greer does seem to have his left hand off the steering wheel. Regardless,
nothing is in his hand.
Also, note the shade on the other hand
of Greer and compare that color to the suit and tie of Greer and Kellerman.
A gun would not appear as a mild shade passing over a flesh toned skin.
A solid object like a gun would either reflect sunlight or be seen
as very dark and certainly no flesh tones could be seen through it.
Also, thanks to Richard J. Smith for help with this page.
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